How great, in spite of all the hype and commerce around the major desktop distributions, watch the slow movement the Slackware, which is true to its roots and Linux gives advanced users the ability to dare, deeply knowing the operating system!
– The oldest distributions still alive: the first release, 1.00, appeared in July 1993. Since then, he is a creation of a single developer (Patrick Volkerding) and retains a small, but very pleased with it an army of fans. Oddly enough, it was due to the absence of many components with Slackware should meet. There is not a beautiful installation, any graphical configurator or sophisticated package management – only a strong base on which can build your own system.
This is not a skeleton without muscles like Linux From Scratch: there is a text installer, well-commented configuration files, initialization scripts, and not a meaningless package .tar.gz format. Beginners it may deter, but regular Linux users, tired of fighting with homegrown tools and file system layout seems fresh and non-trivial. Slackware continues the tradition of simplicity and stability, dressed in a new (but without cutting edges) software: KDE and Firefox.
Installation CD includes Slackware CD contents 1 and 2 – and even beyond that. The directory can be found slackextra Gnome version (Dropline Gnome 2.12.1) and binary package OpenOffice.org 2.0, designed specifically for Slackware.
– Distribution is not for beginners: if a user is only familiar with Linux, the best to start with SUSE or Mandriva.
To install Slackware, you want to upload a personal computer with a boot disk. In fact, the installer is started simply by pressing the ENTER, but if you have problems, you need to restart the system and press F2 and F3 to select options. Selecting the keyboard layout (the Russian-speaking users recommend take it easy and stay at the English), you can log in as root (no password required) and follow the prompts. The first step – split the hard drive into sections Cfdisk tool (or disk).
At least 1 GB is required on Linux, but it is better to withdraw 5 gigabytes if the soul asks to install everything. It will take a swap partition for virtual memory – it should be twice the RAM size, but more than 512 megabytes to anything. It is necessary to use the Help button for more information. Configure the Linux partition to make it bootable, then press the Write button to exit. Return to the tip realized – there enter setup to run the installer.
Installer Slackware – simple but effective text tool, so you need to go further to ADDSWAP and follow its instructions. The installation process is passed, you can reboot and register in the system. To start the GUI need to type starts at the prompt; if configured incorrectly – you need to enter X -configure and act according to the instructions. You can also set or remove other software packages by typing pkg tool command (as root).